According to the MBTI model, the ENFPs are mainly oriented towards extraverted intuiting (Ne). This orientation reveals a more imaginative tendency and focus on possibilities.  Secondarily, the introverted feeling (Fi) helps compose this type’s attachment to personal values, ability to understand humanities and concepts, guided by a sense of duty and meaning, but with no wish for praise and focusing on harmony more than imposing or expressing their thoughts. These are the main ‘cognitive functions’ that characterize the ENFP type. The model extends to other functions considered inferior or/and unconscious, summing up to 8 cognitive functions.

They are described by Dario Nardi[1] as authentic, having a good follow-through of their ideas, and understanding implicit facts about other people’s ideas. They long for harmony and seek new information that would bring them more purpose and genuine satisfaction.

Some characteristics of ENFPs pointed by Kelly, Barbara, and Paul D. Tieger[2] are: valuing freedom, enjoying to explore new ideas and concepts to learn and clarify their vision about the world; being focused on people, open about their points of view and feelings; having a broad and expansive viewpoint, filled with different options and like to talk about them.  For the Tieger family, ENFPs under pressure can become more impulsive, distracted, and obsessive about a few specific subjects.

According to David Keirsey[3], ENFP’s are inclined to teaching, ministry, communicative arts, journalism, oration, novels, screenwriting, and playwrights. They get inspired by brainstorming, developing new ideas, and coming across challenging experiences. Keirsey emphasizes their awareness, tendency to get bored, and being imaginative. ENFPs are also described as people who can lose their cool with leadership sometimes and can have an oscillating desire of collecting objects of high value while at the same time may lack simple, necessaire things and leave them aside.  In family environments, ENFPs avoid doing the chores and administrating finances. They tend to be warm towards their romantic partner but might have a hard time preserving the relationship without loss of interest. As parents, ENFPs tend to be dedicated but oscillating from very soft and friendly treatment to harsh, demanding one, depending on their humor and patience at the moment.

Other characteristics of ENFPs reported by Isabel and Peter B. Myers[4] are their supportive and counseling nature, highly sociability, and influencing.


By: Regina Burde- “Someone who likes to explore human behavior, be it through the perspective of arts or science.”


[1] Nardi, D. (2011, August 11). Neuroscience of Personality: Brain Savvy Insights for All Types of People. Radiance House. 1.0 edition.

[2] Tieger P. D., Tieger, B. B. and Tieger K. (2014, April 15). Do What You Are: Discover the Perfect Career for You Through the Secrets of Personality Type. Little, Brown Spar. 5th edition.

[3] Keirsey, D. (1998). Please Understand Me II: Temperament Character Intelligence. Prometheus Nemesis Book Company. 1 edition.

[4] Myers, I. B. and Myers P. B. (1980). Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type. Davies-Black Publishing. 1 edition.





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