According to the MBTI model, the ESFJs are mainly oriented towards extraverted feeling (Fe). This feeling reveals higher interpersonal skills, tending to concentrate on others, and trying to understand them, treating harmony between individuals as a priority.  Secondarily, the introverted sensing (Si) composes this type’s subjective perspective for problem-solving, based on relating and comparing previous experiences to new ones. These are the main ‘cognitive functions’ that characterize the ESFJ type. The model extends to other functions considered inferior or/and unconscious, summing up to 8 cognitive functions.

ESFJs are described by Dario Nardi[1] as having in general good understanding of people’s emotions and thoughts, being supportive and inclusive. They are also reported to be attentive and focused, valuing welfare.

Some characteristics of ESFJs pointed by Kelly, Barbara, and Paul D. Tieger[2] are the need for closure, well-defined schedule, and guidelines. They prefer practical tasks and like to follow a routine. For the Tieger family, ESFJs might have a hard time dealing with change and challenges; they are interested in network and practical applications of information. ESFJs also like to make decisions and lead but tend to become demanding if under stress.

According to David Keirsey,[3] ESFJs are inclined to economy, goods and services arrangement, sales, hospitality, ceremonies, and everything that has to do with service occupations. Keirsey emphasizes their role as providers and focuses on conserving cultural and moral values, observing and respecting laws, hierarchies, and ceremonies. They are also described as caring, friendly, expressive, concrete, stoical, pessimistic, hardworking, loyal, and attentive to detail. ESFJs also value teamwork, are highly sociable, quick to observe people’s behaviors and sense of humor, fond of gossip, are ready to judge, and take critique from others seriously. As parents, ESFJs tend to be devoted but strict, making sure their kids have everything needed and learn to take responsibilities seriously.

Other characteristics of ESFJs reported by Isabel and Peter B. Myers[4] is their materialistic side, yearn for practical experiences, and for feeling needed. Lastly, ESFJs are the most adaptable to routine and the most inclined to a pediatric field between all types.

By: Regina Burde- “Someone who likes to explore human behavior, be it through the perspective of arts or science.”


[1] Nardi, D. (2011, August 11). Neuroscience of Personality: Brain Savvy Insights for All Types of People. Radiance House. 1.0 edition.

[2] Tieger P. D., Tieger, B. B., and Tieger K. (2014, April 15). Do What You Are: Discover the Perfect Career for You Through the Secrets of Personality Type. Little, Brown Spar. 5th edition.

[3] Keirsey, D. (1998). Please Understand Me II: Temperament Character Intelligence. Prometheus Nemesis Book Company. 1 edition.

[4] Myers, I. B., and Myers P. B. (1980). Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type. Davies-Black Publishing. 1 edition.

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